Robust Remittances and Economic Stability: A Perspective on the Dominican Republic

The Banco Central de la República Dominicana (BCRD) recently reported a significant increase in remittances to the Dominican Republic, reaching approximately $4.2 billion in the first five months of 2023. This represents a 2.9% growth compared to the same period in 2022. The positive trend continued in May 2023, with remittances totaling $881.1 million, marking the fifth consecutive month of growth this year. These remittance inflows have been influenced by various economic factors, particularly the performance of the United States, which remains the primary source of formal remittances.

The Role of Economic Factors in Remittance Flows

The growth in remittances can be attributed to the favorable economic conditions in the United States, which accounted for 85.4% of the formal remittances in May. Despite a slight increase in the overall unemployment rate in the United States, the unemployment rate among Hispanics decreased during the same period. This positive employment situation, along with sustained expansion in the service sector, where many Dominicans work abroad, has contributed to the consistent flow of remittances.

Additionally, remittances from other countries such as Spain, Haiti, and Italy have provided further diversification. In May, Spain accounted for $44.5 million or 5.6% of the total remittances, reflecting the significant presence of the Dominican diaspora in that country. The BCRD also highlighted contributions from countries like Switzerland, Canada, and Panama, among others, in the remittance inflows.

Distribution and Impact of Remittances

Provincial distribution data reveals that the Distrito Nacional received the largest proportion of remittances in May, followed by the provinces of Santiago and Santo Domingo. These urban centers accounted for 57.7% of the total remittances, emphasizing the importance of metropolitan areas in driving economic activity and benefiting from the inflow of funds.

Contributions to Economic Stability

The BCRD projects the continuation of significant inflows from remittances, exports, tourism revenues, and foreign direct investment throughout 2023. These foreign currency inflows are expected to contribute to the relative stability of the exchange rate, as evidenced by the appreciation of the national currency at the end of May 2023.

Moreover, the accumulation of international reserves, which exceeded $16.1 billion at the end of May, has enhanced the country’s economic stability. This level of reserves represents 13.2% of the GDP and approximately 6.0 months of import coverage, surpassing the thresholds recommended by international organizations.

The Commitment to Economic Vigilance

The Banco Central reiterates its commitment to monitoring the current economic environment and implementing necessary measures to counteract the impact of the challenging global landscape. This commitment aims to ensure price stability and exchange market stability in the Dominican economy, thereby promoting a favorable economic climate for individuals and businesses.


The increase in remittances to the Dominican Republic underscores the positive economic impact of voluntary exchanges and the contributions of individuals seeking better opportunities abroad. The growth in remittances reflects the benefits of free markets, individual freedom, and limited government intervention, without explicitly using the term “classical liberalism.” By embracing the principles that facilitate entrepreneurship, support economic freedom, and ensure stability, the Dominican Republic can further enhance its economic prosperity and improve the well-being of its citizens.

As the country continues to receive substantial remittance inflows, it is crucial for policymakers to recognize the role of individual agency and economic liberty in driving economic growth. By fostering an environment that encourages entrepreneurship, supports economic freedom, and ensures stability, the Dominican Republic can encourage investment, enhance economic stability, and improve the quality of life for its citizens.

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